One of many main elements militating towards the event of sports activities in Nigeria at the moment is lack of efficient administration. A whole lot of options are being proffered by involved and patriotic Nigerians each day to bail us out the quagmire. One among such options is that this textual content entitled “Fashionable Developments in Sports activities Administration and Administration”. It’s written by Dr. Joseph Awoyinfa, a lecturer within the Division of Human Kinetics and Well being Schooling, School of Schooling, College of Lagos, Nigeria; a researcher and academic marketing consultant. I used to be the particular person invited by the writer and the college to overview the ebook when it was introduced to the general public on December four, 2008 in Nigeria.
In keeping with Awoyinfa, it’s a truism everywhere in the world that sport is now a reference concern which might now not be ignored at varied sectors of the economic system and spheres of life. The writer provides that this textual content thus takes a important take a look at topical points in sports activities administration and administration, dwelling on theories and rules of recent developments in sports activities administration and administration similar to management, organisation, planning, motivation, and so on.
The textual content comprises 16 chapters. Chapter one is christened “the idea of sports activities administration”. Right here, Awoyinfa says administration is an idea that means various things to totally different individuals at totally different instances, thus resulting in its multiplicity of definitions. He explains that administration has been variously described as an artwork, a science, an individual or individuals, a self-discipline and a course of.
This writer expatiates that as an artwork, sports activities administration is all about finishing up sports activities organisational features and duties by way of individuals; whereas as a science, sports activities administration is about establishing sports activities philosophy, legal guidelines, theories, rules, processes and practices. As an organisation, based on him, sports activities administration is outlined as a way of making formal constructions and an institution based mostly on a mission, goals, targets, features and duties.
Awoyinfa says as an individual or group of individuals, sports activities administration might consult with the pinnacle alone or to all of the senior workers, committee, and so on.; whereas as a self-discipline, administration is a subject of research with varied topics and matters. The writer illuminates that sports activities administration as a course of is a couple of systematic approach of doing issues. Awoyinfa highlights administration features in sports activities administration as planning, organising, staffing, directing/main, controlling, coordination, budgeting and analysis. On whom a sports activities supervisor is, this writer educates sports activities supervisor is anybody at any degree of sport organisation who directs
the efforts of different individuals in direction of the achievement of organisational targets sport-wise.
Chapter two relies on the subject material of evolution and developments of sports activities administration thought. Right here, Awoyinfa discloses that the event of ideas on sports activities administration dates again to the times when individuals first tried to perform targets by working collectively in a bunch. In his phrases, “There was critical considering and theorising about managing a few years earlier than the daybreak of the 20 th (20th) century, which marked the start of recent sports activities administration thought. Main efforts to develop theories and rules of sports activities administration started from the early twentieth (20th) century with the work of Frederick Taylor and Henri Fayol. The commercial revolution of the nineteenth (19th) century in all probability supplied the local weather for this very critical theorising.”
Awoyinfa provides that for the reason that flip of the 20th century, writers on sports activities administration and enterprise idea have been propounding totally different theories about easy methods to handle work and personnel extra effectively and successfully. This writer educates that the three major colleges of administration thought are: the classical; the human-behavioural; and the integrative. Awoyinfa additionally highlights early sports activities administration theorists; rules and traits of scientific administration; appraisal of the scientific administration idea, and so on., on this chapter.
Chapter three is thematically labelled “rules of sports activities administration”. On this chapter, the academic marketing consultant explains that sports activities rules are the fundamental legal guidelines on which the apply of sports activities administration is constructed. He provides that administration rules should due to this fact be based mostly on basic phrases for them to be relevant inside sport organisations of various sizes and character. “Fashionable sports activities managers and directors are anticipated to have the ability to determine and use applicable rules which might be related to specific conditions. It is because no single precept can swimsuit all administrative conditions,” submits Awoyinfa.
He says the elemental rules of sports activities are these relevant to all sports activities organisations and because of their basic acceptability, they’re generally known as “common rules of sports activities administration”. This writer expatiates that a few of these rules are: duty; delegation of authority and communication. As regards humanitarian rules of sports activities administration, Awoyinfa identifies these as democracy, justice, human relations, sympathy, empathy, consideration and humility.
In chapter 4 based mostly on the idea of behavioural and motivational theories in sports activities organisation, the writer says human beings are distinctive creatures as they behave in another way beneath totally different situations and are principally troublesome to foretell. Awoyinfa stresses that since human beings represent a very powerful ingredient in sports activities organisation, sports activities managers want some understanding of why individuals behave in by hook or by crook, in order that they (sports activities managers) can affect individuals to carry out precisely the way in which sports activities organisations discover fascinating.
One potent instrument this writer means that can be utilized to elicit efficiency in athletes is motivation. In his phrases, “Motivation is one thing wanted in sports activities organisations to make workers carry out.
Nonetheless, it has been an vital and a puzzling topic for sports activities managers.” Awoyinfa additional discusses growth of motivational ideas in sports activities organisation; software of motivational theories to sports activities administration; strategies of behaviour modification, and so on., on this chapter.
In chapters 5 to 10, the writer beams his analytical searchlight on topic issues similar to administration methods in sports activities organisation; the idea of sports activities organisation; setting design in sports activities organisation; the idea of planning in sports activities administration; making sports activities organisations simpler in Nigeria and staffing in sports activities organisations.
Chapter 11 relies on communication methods in sports activities organisation. In keeping with Awoyinfa right here, communication is a vital consider any organisational effectiveness as a result of organisations can’t operate successfully when communication expertise are missing amongst members. “Since communication is the transferring spirit in an organisation, its absence might make organisations standstill,” asserts this writer.
In chapters 12 to 16, Awoyinfa X-rays ideas similar to organisational modifications and growth in sports activities administration; management in sports activities administration and administration; administration and administration of soccer as a coach; educating human kinetics and well being training in colleges and faculties; and organisation and administration of faculties at varied ranges of training.
As regards mode of presentation, this textual content scores a go mark. For example, the language is understandable and the concepts are brilliantly articulated. The simplicity of the language is anticipated, given the writer’s twin skilled background as a lecturer and pastor. To make sure straightforward research of the textual content on readers’ half, Awoyinfa highlights the goals of every chapter firstly and ends with overview/revision questions.
What’s extra, he creatively embroiders the textual content with graphics (pages 50, 97, 317, 330, 338, 395, and so on.) to boost readers’ understanding by way of visible communication. Awoyinfa contains references on the finish of every chapter to fulfil educational obligation of supply disclosure and provide readers alternatives to learn extra. Inclusion of many references additionally confirms the depth of his analysis. His use of visible distinction for the phrase “Fashionable Developments” within the title is emphatically inventive.
If there are chapters that basically make this textual content certified as a compendium of recent options to the executive and administration issues plaguing our sports activities growth in Nigeria, they’re chapters 4, eight, 11 and 13. It is because they focus on motivation, planning, communication and management respectively.
In the meantime, the thematically biggest chapter of all is chapter 4. The truth that it’s consciously or unconsciously taken to be the best chapter finds sensible expression within the deeper communication and cohesion between its material on the one hand and the outer entrance cowl’s allegorical visuals or metaphorical photos similar to aim publish, cyclists racing, a garden tennis participant poised for motion together with her bat, sprinters competing and footballers struggling for ball possession, however. These are photos used for illustration in motivational discourse.